If you ask somebody about the common residential plumbing fixtures, they will talk about faucets. In general, plumbing fixtures are any equipment attached to a plumbing system that deals with water, whether delivering the water or draining it, or controlling the flow in, for example, boiler room plumbing systems.

Each plumbing feature will be intended for a specific application, and while the fundamental design for many of these items will be the same, the usage and design can differ; according to the device, plumbing fixtures can be essential or aesthetic and are typically developed with one function in mind, to make controlled water flow possible.

home plumbing fixtures

Bathtubs: the Most Common Residential Plumbing Fixtures in a Household

A bathtub is a huge container filled with warm or hot water that allows a person to bathe while wholly immersed in it.

Bathtubs today are composed of fiberglass and acrylic. At the same time, more costly and typically more enduring baths are fashioned of cast iron, enamel, sumptuous waterproof wood, and steel.

The standard bath is placed in the bathroom. It often has a shower connection that allows the user to stand in the tub and take a shower, increasing its versatility.

Most modern baths feature overflows, drains, and faucets (taps) to help with water delivery and drainage; in the past, water was frequently heated in the kitchen and delivered in the bath with a bucket.

The quantity and range of tubs as common residential plumbing fixtures have grown as manufacturing processes have evolved.

The following are the most popular bathtubs:

  • Western-style bathtubs: Plumbing fixtures are the modern tubs seen in most homes. They are long and typically thin, allowing the bather to be completely submerged. They are often fixed to the wall & concealed by a cabinet so no plumbing is visible.
  • Eastern-style bathtubs: They are shorter and deeper than western baths, allowing people to bathe standing up.
  • Claw-foot tub: The modern tubs forebears are of late-nineteenth-century luxury yet common residential plumbing fixtures. While traditional claw-foot tubs are constructed of cast iron, modern claw-foot tubs are made of less expensive materials such as acrylic.
  • Claw-foot tubs: They often hold more water than standard tubs. These common residential plumbing fixtures are meant to stand alone without using a cabinet or being connected to the external environment. They can offer a touch of elegance to every bathroom.
  • Whirlpool tubs: Whirlpool tubs are common residential plumbing fixtures in newer homes. These are often intended for two people and have nozzles that force air or, in some cases, water out to create a pleasant simulation of getting a massage. These plumbing fixtures are often larger than regular bathtubs but require cabinetry.

They are usually affixed to a wall.

  • Hot tub: A hot tub is a huge bathtub that can fit up to eight people. These common residential plumbing fixtures are often put outside and maintain a steady water temperature, usually around 37 degrees Celsius.

A hot tub may utilize the same water for three months or more using chemicals and filters and can even be used in the winter. A hot tub may be configured in several ways, with various types of nozzles and seating.

most used plumbing fixtures

Sinks: Bathroom, Kitchen, and Utility are Among Common Residential Plumbing Fixtures

The sink is a bowl-shaped plumbing fixture used to wash hands, dishes, and other small objects. Sinks, sometimes known as basins, are standard in most households.

The sink will include a faucet that provides hot and cold water and a spray that enables a continuous powerful stream of water. Sinks often have drains and, in some cases, integrated soap dispensers.

These common residential plumbing fixtures can frequently get blocked due to dirt, soap, and dirt becoming stuck in the pipes; in most situations, you can remove the blockage yourself, but in extreme cases, there might be a need to call in a professional plumber. Sinks come in different forms and sizes.

These common residential plumbing fixtures have many types including:

  • Self-rimming sinks: These common residential plumbing fixtures are commonly used in kitchens and are installed in a ‘hole’ carved into the countertop. The rim supports them, and the seal between the sink and the countertop is waterproof when adequately placed.
  • Bottom-mount sinks: Because these sinks and plumbing fixtures are fastened beneath the countertop, the hole must have a polished edge. It is often more challenging to maintain the seal watertight. Bottom-mount sinks are more expensive because the expense of ‘finishing’ the hole is also included. Still, these common residential plumbing fixtures are more modern and elegant than self-rimming sinks.
  • Solid surface sinks: Modern technologies allow these common residential plumbing fixtures (sinks) to be built in the same material as the countertop and glued below, offering a perfect alignment between the top and the sink; some come in stainless steel and are welded in spot.
  • Butler sinks: They are commonly seen in bathrooms as plumbing fixtures and are made up of a rectangular sink with a rounded edge fitted within a wooden cabinet or tabletop. They are not as large as kitchen sinks.
  • Stand-alone sink: These sinks are completed on all sides and are frequently placed on a ‘leg’ or piece of furniture. These are the most versatile sinks as plumbing fixtures, allowing for various designs. These common residential plumbing fixtures usually lack under-the-sink storage. These are often harder to maintain as the plumbing is often housed in a tiny ‘leg’, and you must take the whole sink apart to get to the plumbing.
standard plumbing fixtures


The toilet is most likely the most crucial of all plumbing fixtures in residential plumbing systems! The flush system in modern toilets transports waste to a septic tank or a communal sewage system.

The toilet is one of the most complicated plumbing fixtures, with a sophisticated system for refilling a tank used to flush the toilet and extensive piping to guarantee proper waste flow. So if they need a repair, you better call a professional plumber to help you out.

As the most important plumbing fixtures, there are different types of toilets available on the market, the most popular of which are:

  • Flush toilet: A squat toilet that allows you to sit when you ‘go’ and flush the waste afterwards. Modern toilets contain flush mechanisms meant to be economically friendly as plumbing fixtures since they save water. Although they originated as ‘holes in stone’ in ancient Times, they are the most popular toilets in modern culture.
  • High-tech toilets: These are considered to be one of the modern plumbing fixtures. Modern toilets are auto-flushing, often auto-cleaning, and occasionally even have a water jet that will ‘clean’ your parts (similar to a bidet). Some toilets even monitor blood pressure, temperature, and blood sugar levels. I’ve even heard of modern toilets that allow you to play games while you go.

Showers Are One of the Essential Plumbing Fixtures.

A Shower streams hot or cold water over a standing person through a nozzle. The nozzle shape may be altered to achieve varied effects and pressures, but the idea remains the same. Showers can be part of the bathtub or a separate stall.

The most common types of showers are:

  • Water shower: The ordinary shower seen in most homes showers. The house’s water pressure drives the water.
  • Electric shower: Like the water shower, the only difference is this type has an on-demand heating system to offer a hot shower instantly. So may take the load off your boiler room plumbing system and save gas in the cost of electricity. Some of the more costly electric showers may also boost the water pressure.
residential plumbing fixtures

Taps, Spigots, Faucets.

The tap is a plumbing item with several uses inside and outside the home. It is essentially a valve that controls the flow of water.

Faucets differ from nation to country; in most cases, two taps are connected to one ‘outlet’ so that the flow and temperature of the water may be adjusted; in older homes, there will be separate hot and cold water taps.

Water taps are common residential plumbing fixtures used both inside and outside of the house, and they have different types:

  • Water taps: They allow users to pour hot and cold water into the sink or bath. They are available in different forms and sizes, with some even being electrically operated.

In general, good taps and faucets are worth the extra money because they are the most utilized plumbing fixtures item in the house and have the greatest failure rate.

  • Valves: A tap that allows someone to turn off the whole water flow is an essential feature of house plumbing. Stop-taps are frequently located near toilets, sometimes used for in-floor heating systems to control the flow, and in other areas where you may rapidly switch off water flow to minimize spillage to do some repairs.
  • Water spigots: They are typically outside faucets that allow you to connect a hosepipe to them.

Water Heaters

Water heaters are common residential plumbing fixtures found in homes, providing a continuous hot water supply for everyday activities.

They ensure comfortable showers and baths by delivering the desired water temperature. Hot water is essential for effective dishwashing, efficiently removing grease and food residues. Water heaters enable hot water for stain removal and thorough cleaning in the laundry. They also contribute to good hygiene by providing warm water for handwashing and personal care.

Water heaters play a vital role in various cleaning tasks throughout the house, such as mopping floors and sanitizing surfaces. Additionally, they are essential in cooking and food preparation, providing hot water for boiling, blanching, and making beverages. Water heaters cater to general household needs, filling hot water bottles to warming baby formula, offering convenience and comfort in everyday life.

water heaters

What are the Types of Water Heaters?

  1. Tank-based water heaters: These are the most common type of water heaters. They consist of a large insulated tank that stores and heats a predetermined amount of water. The heated water is ready for use whenever needed. Tank-based heaters are available in various capacities, typically 20 to 80 gallons. They are often powered by electricity, natural gas, propane, or oil. These heaters maintain the stored water at a set temperature, ensuring a constant hot water supply. However, they may consume energy to keep the water hot, even when not used.
  2. Tankless water heaters: On-demand water heaters or tankless heaters heat water as it flows through the unit. They do not store hot water but provide it instantly when a hot water tap is turned on. This type of water heater is more energy-efficient than tank-based heaters because it only heats water when needed. Tankless heaters are typically smaller and can be wall-mounted, saving space. They are powered by electricity or gas and can provide a virtually unlimited hot water supply. However, their flow rate is limited so multiple simultaneous hot water demands may affect performance.
  3. Heat pump water heaters: These heaters use electricity to transfer heat from the air or ground to heat the water. They are highly energy-efficient and can save energy costs compared to traditional tank-based heaters. Heat pump water heaters extract heat from the surrounding air or ground and transfer it to the water using a compressor and refrigerant system. They are ideal for moderate to warm climates, as they rely on the availability of heat in the environment. Heat pump water heaters can be integrated with tank-based systems or have integrated storage tanks.

Dishwashers are Common Residential Plumbing Fixtures that Everyone Needs Nowadays

Dishwashers are household appliances designed to automate and streamline washing dishes and utensils. They offer numerous benefits in terms of convenience, efficiency, and cleanliness. Dishwashers consist of an enclosed chamber with racks for organizing and holding dishes.


Types of Dishwashers?

  1. Built-in Dishwashers: These are the most common type and are designed to be permanently installed under the kitchen countertop. They offer a seamless and integrated look, blending with the surrounding cabinetry. Built-in dishwashers come in various sizes to fit different kitchen configurations and can be customized with panels to match the kitchen décor.
  2. Freestanding Dishwashers: Freestanding dishwashers are standalone units that can be placed anywhere in the kitchen if there is a water connection and drain. They have finished sides, so they don’t require installation or attachment to cabinetry. Freestanding dishwashers are more flexible in placement and can be easily moved if needed.
  3. Drawer Dishwashers: Drawer dishwashers are compact and versatile options. They consist of one or two separate drawers that can be operated independently or simultaneously. Drawer dishwashers are particularly useful for smaller households or when running smaller loads. They offer flexibility in load size and can be installed at convenient heights for easy access.
  4. Countertop Dishwashers: Countertop dishwashers are compact units on the countertop or any other stable surface near the sink. They are ideal for small kitchens or apartments with limited space. Countertop dishwashers connect to the kitchen faucet for water supply and drainage and can accommodate fewer dishes than larger models.
  5. Portable Dishwashers: Portable dishwashers are mobile units with wheels that can be moved around and stored when not in use. They usually have a similar design to built-in dishwashers but come with a faucet adapter for water connection. Portable dishwashers offer flexibility for renters or those who may relocate frequently.
  6. Slimline Dishwashers: Slimline dishwashers are designed for kitchens with limited space. They are narrower than standard dishwashers, typically around 18 inches (45 cm) wide. Slimline dishwashers can fit into smaller kitchen layouts without sacrificing the convenience of having a dishwasher.