Plumbing systems in Buildings are used for supplying water to kitchens, toilet outlets, and other fixtures via a distribution system of pipes. Building drainage systems are used to eliminate water waste through specially designed drainage lines. This article provides all types of plumbing and drainage systems in buildings that are commonly used.

building plumbing systems

Types of Plumbing Systems in Buildings

Commercial and residential plumbing systems consist of the underground tank, which supplies water via municipal or water supply lines. The water is supplied to overhead tanks with the help of pumps and a piping distribution system, and due to gravity, water reaches the outlets.

The overhead tank of plumbing systems in buildings can be eliminated if water is supplied directly from the underground tank to the fixtures; there comes the need for pumps that will give an uninterrupted supply of water with specific pressure so that when you open the outlet, the tap, you will get continuous water supply.

The pumps of the plumbing systems in buildings that supply water to all portions of your house are called hydro-pneumatic systems. These pumps consist of a small tank with air on one side and water on another that is separated by a rubber membrane. When the pump starts functioning, it supplies water to the wet portion, so the rubber membrane expands and compresses the air on the other side. This creates extra pressure on the water side connected to the supply lines.

As you open the tap, you will get the required quantity of the water supply you want from your plumbing systems in the building. This drops the pressure, which turns the pump on again, so the pressure is maintained while supplying the water to your plumbing fixtures. If you feel that the pressure is not stabilized after you open the tap, it means that there is a problem with your plumbing systems in buildings, and you need residential plumbing services.

Advantages of Plumbing Systems in Buildings that Work With Pumps

  • The primary benefit of plumbing systems in buildings that consist of pumps is that there is no need for overhead tanks.
  • Secondly, the pumps are designed to provide the required equal pressure to all floors. In the traditional water supply system, the lower floor had higher pressure water supplies than the upper floors.
  • Plumbing systems in buildings that work with pumps also give energy conversion.

Two Types of Pumps are Used in the Buildings

  • Submersible Type
  • Open Type

Using a submersible type is better suited if you are looking for a lower maintenance pump. However, both types are practical for traditional and hydro-pneumatic systems.

drainage and plumbing systems in buildings

Types of Drainage Systems in Buildings

Drainage systems in buildings are generally available in two types:

  1. The first drainage system is for wastewater from the shower, kitchen sinks, basins, washing machines, etc. This is also known as grey water. In this drainage system in buildings, 75mm diameter pipes are used.
  2. The second drainage systems in buildings are for soil water or sewage that comes from WCs and toilets, which is called black water. Professional plumbers install pipes with a minimum of 100mm diameters for these building drainage systems.

Things to Know About Drainage Systems in Buildings

Plumbers use grease traps for drainage systems in buildings, especially for kitchens, as grease should not enter the standard drainage lines. These grease traps are small inspection chamber that holds the grease, and you should remove it manually daily‚ÄĒprofessional plumbers design these chambers to minimize the disturbance of the floating oil on the water.

Ceramic or stoneware pipes are used to transport wastewater and soil outside the building. A chamber is usually used to clean the lines’ blockage and change the pipes’ direction.

Plumbers provide a septic tank and a soak pit if there is no municipal drainage on a small building or the exterior city.

  • A septic tank is a rectangular underground tank with containers that are always full of sewage that plumbers remove manually.
  • A soak pit is a tank with a cylindrical shape that has brick walls surrounded by a gravel layer.

Commercial plumbing services are required to create a sewage plant that will be used to dispose of a large amount of sewage. The sewage plant will process sewage and produce clean water from it. This water can be used for landscaping or HVAC cooling towers.